Discontinuous Petrov-Galerkin (DPG) Method with Optimal Test Functions 
/ Pre-Conference Course /


Sunday, 8 September 2019

8.30 -  9.00 Registration
9.00 - 10.30 

Lecture 1: Tutorial on classical Galerkin Finite Element (FE) methods

It is impossible to understand the DPG method w/o a background in the classical FE analysis. The first lecture will cover classical notions and facts from Numerical Analysis:

a) Variational formulations leading to different energy spaces;

b) The exact sequence energy spaces: H^1,H(curl),H(div)and L^2 spaces; the corresponding conformity requirements;

c) Babuska and Brezzi theories and the relation between them.

10.30 - 11.00  Coffee break
11.00 - 12.30 

Lecture 2: Variational formulations with broken test spaces

Each of the variational formulations discussed in the first lecture may serve as a starting point for a version with broken (mesh dependent) test functions. Use of broken test spaces is critical for the application of the DPG technology and comes at the price of introducing additional global unknowns: traces and/or fluxes at the mesh skeleton. Surprisingly perhaps, all formulations share the same number of interface unknowns. We shall discuss the well-posedness of such formulations.

12.30 - 13.30 Lunch
13.30 - 15.00

Lecture 3: Three interpretations of the DPG method

The DPG method wears ''three hats'' and can be interpreted as a Petrov-Galerkin scheme with (optimal) test functions computed on the fly, a Minimum Residual Method, and a Mixed Method where one solves simultaneously for the approximate solution and Riesz representation of the residual. Critical to all three interpretations is the inversion of Riesz operator on local, element level. In practice, the Riesz operator has to be approximated, either a-priori (concept of ``enriched test space'') or a-posteriori, in an adaptive way. The DPG method comes with an a-posteriori error estimation built in and provides a setting for adaptivity from day one.